Target IAS

Saturday, December 11, 2010

Some UPSC Coaching Institutes....1

Hyderabad
BrainTree
Level 03, 3-6-432, Himayatnagar,
Hyderabad - 500 029.
Telephone: +91-40-7644110/7636928

IAS Study Circle
(For General Studies, Public Administration, History, Sociology, Geography, Essay, Anthropology and Telugu literature)
Ashok Nagar.
Phone: 7612673

IAS Academy
(For General studies, Public Administration, History, Geography, Essay, Anthropology and Telugu literature).
Domalguda.
Phone: 7638527.


Chennai
Brilliant Tutorials (For all subjects)
P.O. Box: 4996-CM, 12,
Masilamani Street, T.Nagar,
Chennai-17
(033)-4342099, 4343308, 4341788,
Fax- (033)-4343829

All India Civil Services Coaching Center,
Government of TamilNadu
225, Second Avenue, Anna Nagar, Chennai - 40.
Phone: 6211475, 6211909

Pragnya Academy for Career Excellence (PACE),
534, II Floor, BOSTON School,
T.T.K Road, Chennai – 18.
Phone : 044-24345868

Netaji IAS Academy (For all subjects)
27-C, Rameshwaram road,
T.Nagar, Chennai-600 017
044-434 85601, 4347025
 
University Of Madras, Chennai
University Of Madras, Institute Of Correspondence Education, Chepauk, Chennai 600005
Delhi
Vajiram and Ravi IAS Study Centre
79, Old ajinder Nagar Market,
New Delhi-110060

Ph:25820000, 25734058
Sociology Center (For Sociology)
171, First Floor, Hari Nagar,
Ashram, New Delhi-14
011- 6922822

IAS Era (For G.S, Geography, History)
1/17, Roop Nagar, G.T. Karnal Road, (Near Shakti Nagar Chowk), New Delhi-7
011- 7444527
Delhi's IAS Study Circle (For all subjects)
E-29, Saket, New Dehi-17
Vajiram & Ravi (For Gen. Studies, Public Admin.Sociology Geography, commerce &accountancy, Psychology)
79,Old Rajinder Nagar,
New Delhi
011-5820000
Web: www.vajiramandravi.com

Erdkunde (For Geography)
C/o Thakran House,
148-C/9, Kishangarg,
Near Vasant Kunj,
New Delhi-17

Rau's IAS Study Circle (For G.S. Essay, History, Sociology, Public Admin., Geography, Psychology, Law & Commerce).
309, Kanchenjunga Building, 18 Barakhamba Road,
New Delhi-110 001
PH:011-23318135-36, 23738906-07
Fax: 011-23317153
Web: www.rauias.com
Email: contact@rauias.com
JAIPUR CENTRE
RAU'S IAS STUDY CIRCLE
701, APEX MALL, LAL KOTHI, TONK ROAD,
JAIPUR-302015.
PH: 0141-3226167, 6450676, 9351528027

Shristi Study Circle (For Essay, General Studies, Sociology, Geography, Pali Literature, Political Science, Philosophy, Chemistry, Physics, Maths, Botany, Zoology History, Anthropology.)
F- 128/3, Mohammadpur,
New Delhi-66
Ph. 011- 2718372, 6167349.

IDP3 (For General Studies, Geography, Pali Literature, Sanskrit, Hindi Literature, Political Science, Philosophy, Maths, Botany,History, Anthropology.)
2nd Floor, Jaypee Complex,
Bank Street, Muinirka,
New Delhi-100067. Ph.- 011- 6161078. FAX - 011 - 4670266.
e-mail - idp3@mantraonline.

Career Shapers (For General Studies, Hindi Literature, Sociology, History, Samskrit, Urdu, Economics, Political Science, Public Administration, Geography.)
306, 301, 302, Third Floor,
Gyandeep Complex,
66A Laxmi Market,
Opp. Canra Bank, Munirka,
New Delhi. Ph.- 011- 6166928, 6106358
e-mail - careershapers@hotmail.com

Career Plus (For Physics, Chemistry, Zoology,Botany, Mechanical Engineering,
General Studies, History, Pali, Pub. Administration, Political Science, Commerce, Economics, Law, Geography, Hindi Literature, Sociolohy, Philosophy.)
302/A- 37,38, 39,
Ansal BuildingCommercial Compex,
Dr. Mukharjee Nagar,
Near Batra Cinema, Mother Dairy,
Delhi- 9. Ph.- 011- 7652829, 7222778
FAX- 011- 7651133.

Delhi
Career Point
G.S., Geography, History, Law, Public Admin., Anthropology, Physics
North Delhi-2324,
Hudson Lines, Behind Syndicate Bank,
King way Camp,
Delhi-9.
011-7240105, 7457211

SNTPC- Sachdeva New P.T. College
For address of regional centers, see chronicle
29-CS, South Patel Nagar, New Delhi-110 008
011-5783399, 5787080, 5788070, 5788182
Fax: 011-578070
E-mail: sachdeva@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in

Meridian Courses (For Public Admin.)
1) 25-A, Bersarai, Near Old JNU Campus, New Delhi-110 016
2) A-35/36, Flat No.:303, Bhandari House Commercial Complex, Mukharji Nagar, Delhi-110 009
011-6856955
011-7258382

UIAS (Upendra's Institute For Admin. Services) (For Sociology, Public Admin., Psychology, Essay, G.S.)
42-A, Krishnanagar, Safdarjung Enclave,
New Delhi-100 029
011-6184095, 6109740

Chanakya Academy (For G.S., Essay, History, Political Science, Anthropology, Sociology, Botony, Zoology, Maths, Physics, Pali lit)
A/42-44, Manushree Building,
Commercial Complex,
Dr. Mukharjee Nagar,
Delhi-110 009
011-7652625, 7652337
IAS Study Forum (For G.S., history, Sociology, Essay).
C/o Jagjivan Vidhya Bhavan,
Dr. Ambedkar Marg(link road, near karol bagh)
New Delhi-110 055

Interactions (For Geography, G.S., Hindi Literature)
1) 1602, Outram Lines, Kingsway Camp,
New Delhi- 09
2) Competition Wizard Bulding, C-211,
Baba Ganganath Market, Munirka,
New Delhi-67
011-7442038, 5622226
Fax: 011-7259114
011-6106702

Vaid's IAS (For G.S., Essay, Anthropology, Geography, History, Hindi lit., Political Science, Philosphy, Sanskrit, Sociology, Physics, Maths, Zoology, Botany.)
1) AG-603, Shalimar Bagh, Delhi-110 052
2) F-128, Mohammadpur, New Delhi-66
3) U-188, Vikas Marg Shakarpur, Delhi-92
011-7221544, 7127317, 2044962, 6167349
DEC (Delhi Education Centre) (For Public Admin., Geography, History, Political Science, G.S., Maths.)
15-A, Jai Sarai, IIT,
Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110 016
011-6565890

Gyankunj's IAS Study Circle (For History, Hindi Literature, General Studies, Psychology, Essay.)
H.N.- 2, ,Bersarai, New Delhi-16
. Ph.- 011- 6524744
Ultimate IAS Study Circle
History C-9, Mahendra Park,
Pankha Road,
Opp. Chanan Devi Hospital,
New Delhi-59 Ph.- 011- 5613643

Hamdard Study Circle
Jamia Hamdard University
Talimabad, Sangam Vihar
New Delhi - 110 062
Phone: (011) 2604 8848, Fax: (011) 26042030
E-Mail : hpsdelhi@ndf.vsnl.net.in
Bhopal
Rao'S IAS Institute
Gen. Studies, Essay, Public Administration,
History, Hindi Literature, Anthropology.
20, Jyoti Chamber,
Zone- II, M.P. Nagar,
Bhopal.

Kanpur
Utkarsh Academy (For History, Pol.Science, Sociology Philosophy, Botany, Economics, Maths. Zoology, Gen.Studies )112/321,Swaroop Nagar,
Kanpur,U.P.
0512-256357
Ahmedabad
IAS Study Center
Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration
Government of Gujarat,
OPP. "ISRO", SATELLITE ROAD, AHMEDABAD-380 015
Phone No. 26747612, 26747636, 26741879, 26741999
Web: http://www.spipa.gujarat.gov.in/iasstudy_centre.htm
Allahabad
Career Coaching
13,Kamla Nehru Rd.
Allahabad U.P.211001
0532-600248

Krishna Coaching Institute30,Motilal Nehru Rd. Allahabad
0532-600121

Centre for ExcellenceG.S., essay, Public Admin.
8-B, Elgin Road, Opp. Mishra Bhawan,
Civil Lines, Allahabad
611518
Lucknow
Sanchetna
Pub. Admn., History, General Studies.
3rd Floor, Arif Chamber,
Aliganj, Lucknow. Ph.- 0522- 383987

Academician's IAS (For Hindi Literature, History, Gen. Studies, Pol. Science, Sociology, Botany.)
B- 12, Basant Vihar,
Ist Floor, Sector- B, Aliganj,
Lucknow. Ph.- 0522- 331560.
Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
B-36, Sector-C, Aliganj, Lucknow
Ph.- 0522- 326249

Patna
Chauhan IAS Studies Circle
Room No. 501-3 Ashiana Apt.
Exhibition Road,Patna
0612-670189

East & West AcademyArya Kumar Road,
Rajendra Nagar,
Patna-800016
0612-657332

PRIYADARSHI I.A.S CIRCLE
Address: Laxmi Complex Boring road
E-Mail: priyadarshi_21dce@yahoo.com

AK Sinha Study Circle 
Address: 513,Ashiyana Tower,Exhibition Road,Patna
E-Mail: s.kabeer@rediffmail.com

THE HISTORICA
Address:In Front Of M.M. College

ACTWEL IAS Study Center
Address: Front of Apsara Cinema Hall, Exhibition Road

Udayam Study Centre
Karumandapam,Bihar



Institute Name: AK Sinha Study Circle 
Address: 513,Ashiyana Tower,Exhibition Road,Patna
Phone: 09334060051,09431457180
E-Mail: s.kabeer@rediffmail.com
Message: Public Administration in Hindi and English medium. General Studies in English and Hindi medium.

ETEN IAS ACADEMY
Contact Person : Anuj Sharma
Address : 2nd Flr, Batra Cinema, Mukherjee Nagar,
City : New Delhi,
State : New Delhi,
Phone : 011-45500143
Web Site : www.etenias.com
E-Mail : iasmukherjeenagar@eten.co.in
Message : Best Faculty for Prelim GS, CSAT, Main GS, Optionals.Batches available in English and Hindi Medium.

DISHA_
585, Bank Street, Munirka, New Delhi City: New Delhi State: Delhi Phone: 01165640506, 9818327090 E-Mail: disha_ias_academy@yahoo.co.in

DRISTIKON IAS

HANDLOOM BHAVAN\'' RAJENDRA NAGAR City: PATNA State: BIHAR Phone: 9431432919 E-Mail: ajay3000in@yahoo.com


Bangalore
Pre examination training center,
Direcotrate of social welfare,
Bangalore
http://sw.kar.nic.in/emptrng_files/empNtrng-pre-exam.htm

Swarnavalli Institute of Administration and Management (SWAIAM),
No 568/26, Hegde Complex, 2nd Floor, 8th Cross, Mathikere Main Road, Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore - 560 022.
 
Confluence Academy For Excellence 15, Church Road, Near Armugam Circle,
Basavanagudi, Bangalore - 560004
Phone: 6611341, Mobile: 98440-41704
 
Christ college, Hosur road
Address not available....  Please look at local telephone directory....
 
JSS Training Institute for Competitive Exams,
38th cross, 1st main, 8th block,
Jayanagar,
Bangalore.
phone: 080-26655086
Himalai IAS Center
173/B, 1st floor,
7th main, 4th block,
Opp. Sukshema clinic,
Rajaji nagar
Bangalore
Phone: 080-56691218

Sachedeva, Jaya Nagar
Address not available....  Please look at local telephone directory....
Chandigarh
Panjab University IAS Coaching Center
Panjab University

Schedule of Civil Services Examination 2011

Schedule of Civil Services Examination 2011


Name of examination: Civil Services (Prel) Exam. 2011
Date of notification: 19 February 2011
Last date for receipt of applications: 21 March 2011
Date of commencement of exam: 12 June 2011 (Sunday)

Name of examination: Civil Services (Mains) Exam. 2011
Date of commencement of exam: 29 October 2011 (Saturday)

Friday, December 10, 2010

CSAT Syllabus 2011

CSAT-PAPER-I ( G.S )
200 marks | Duration : Two hrs

Syllabus

1) Current Events of national and international importance

2) History of India and Indian national movement

3) India & World Geography - physical,social,economic geography of India and the world

4) Indian Polity and governance - constitution,political system, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues,etc.

5) Economic and social development - sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics,social sector Initiatives,etc

6) General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climatic change - that do not require subject specialization.

7) General Science





(Paper II)(200 Marks) Duration-2 Hours


# Comprehension
#Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills
#Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
#Decision Making and Problem Solving
#General Mental Ability.
#Basic Numeracy (Numbers and their relations,orders of Magnitude etc (Class X level),Data Interpretation(Charts,Graphs ,Tables,Data Sufficiency etc
(Class X level)
#English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level)

Interview

Preparing for Civils Interview: Read this Post (Post 1)

Hi All,

For benefit of all those who are preparing for IAS 2010 Interviews, please find below questions that were asked in UPSC interviews.

I would like to thank on behalf of all of us, to these people (most of them are IAS now) who have shared their experience which is so helpful to all of us who are preparing for UPSC interviews.

Interview 1: Ms. Shubra Saxena (IAS Topper last year)

CM: What's your name?
ME: Sir, My name is Shubhra Saxena

CM:Tell us about yourself
ME: I told them about my education, prof background, my family and so on.

CM:Can you tell us the immunisation schedule of children
(Now let me tell you v frankly that I was shocked and thrown off guard. Maybe he wanted to destabilise me to see if I maintained my cool.)
ME:Sir, I am not aware of the immunisation schedule of children. But I do know some vaccines for children.

CM: Fine, go ahead.
ME: There is DPT, that prevents Diptheria, Pertussis and Tetanus. And there is OPV, Oral polio vaccine.

CM: Can't you recall any more?
ME:Sorry Sir, I can't recall any more.

CM:Isn't there a vaccine for Hepatitis B?
ME:Sir there is, But I think it can be taken as an adult because I had this vaccine when I was in college.

CM: (Smiled) Yes but it is now given to children.
ME:I said, Thank you sir.

CM: Your hobbies include teaching. Can you tell us about that?
ME:Sir, I have liked teaching since childhood. I used to teach my younger siblings and the children of my colony. Now I teach some children of my maid servants. (I didn't mention teaching in coaching because people had advised me against that)

CM:Tell us, who is a good teacher?
(I didn't understand the question but I nevertheless tried to answer.)
ME: A good teacher is the one who can conceptually explain topics to students. Someone who can motivate students to do better. Someone who can be a friend, philosopher and guide to students.
( He was apparently not satisfied with my answer.)

CM: No, tell me if you are teaching students in a class, how would you make sure that they followed what you were teaching?
ME: Sir, I would first try to understand the level of cognitive maturity of students. Then I would try to adjust the speed of teaching to suit most of the students because at any level of teaching not all students would be satisfied. I would include practical examples to make them understand the concepts better. The students who have somehow not grasped the things I taught them, I would give them time other than the class to make sure they understood it.
(he apparently was satisfied. So he let it go. He gestured to the 1st lady member on his left)

M2: Your hobby is teaching. So can you tell me about a few education schemes of GOI
ME: I told her about SSA. She inturrepted me.

M2: Can you tell us about SSA?
ME: I told her about a few provisions under SSA as I did not know all.

M2:Can you tell me if there are any provisions for handicapped children under SSA.
ME:Ma'm I am not sure if there are any. But there mustbe.

M2:(Looks at other members) aren' there? (Others nod)
Tell me about other education schemes?
ME: I told about MSA, MDM, KGBV , scholarship schemes for disadvantaged and backward students.

M2: (Interrupts)..That's fine. Your extra curricular activity said Debating. I will give you a topic. Can you debate on that.
ME: Yes ma'm.

M2: The topic is "Women should empower themselves"
ME: Ma'm should I debate in favour or against the topic?

M2: Whichever way you want
ME: May I speak both in favour and against the topic?

(I was a little apprehensive if this gamble would pay off. But it did. She didn't look offended.)

M2: Yes, go ahead.
ME:Argued first against the topic. Then later in favour of the topic.

M2:(looking very happy) Excellent Shubhra. You have argued well in both directions. But you forgot to mention the role of husbands.
ME:(I smiled) yes Ma'm. Thank you.

She now passed the charge to the next lady member..

M2: So Shubhra, you have stayed in many states. Which state have you stayed maximum in?
ME: Ma'm I have stayed for 16 years in Jharkhand and 12 years in UP and 2 years in AP.

M2: So can you please compare Jharkhand and UP?
ME: Yes Ma'm. Jharkhand and UP are topographically very diffrent states. Whereas JH has a hilly and forested terrain, UP is part of the Gangetic plain and very sparsely forested. UP is densely populated whereas JH has a low population density. JH has a sizeable tribal population mainly consisting of tribes like Santhal and Munda whereas UP has a low tribal population. Both the states primarily speak Hindi. In terms of HDI, both perform poorly.

M2: No, tell me what diff did you find on a personal level?
ME: Ma'm both states are culturally complex and offer a variety of ways of life. While I was growing up in Jharkhand I used to stay in isolated forested lands where sometimes wild animals like tiger would come into our colony. This is something I have never come across in UP. The food of these 2 states is more or less the same with a few regional variations. The people in both the states are very tolerant and loving and make one feel at home.
(Everyone smiled at the tiger comment)
She nods then asks.

M2: Tell me what is India's equation with Nepal?
ME: Ma'm Nepal has traditionally been a good friend of India's and India has always supported Nepal in many ways. But with the coming of Maoist government in Nepal, the equations are changing as Maoists are more sympathetic towards China. And therefore the hegemony of India in Nepal is weakening.
(She draws her eyebrows together as if frowning at me. I am telling you it was a scary moment)

M2: Do you think we should be using words like hegemony in context of international relations. India is a big country and shouldn't it allow her neighbour countries autonomy rather than dominating them?
ME: Ma'm, (how to redefine the meaning of hegemony???) , I didn't mean hegemony in the sense of controlling a smaller country for one's vested interests. I meant primacy in international relations.
India is a very big country and that is the reason most of her neighbours are insecure about India's intentions. But India is a very peaceful country and instead of dominating its neighbours she extends whatever support it can to her neighbours.

(again frowning....I am so scared now...)

M2: It is you who are saying that India is a peaceful country.But other countries don't think so.
ME: Ma'm, I have had the fortune to work abroad in many countries and everywhere I meet people they always say that India is perhaps the most peace loving country in the world.

(She looks satisfied now...I heave a sigh of relief)

M2: Tell me about India's relations with Myanmar.
ME: Relations between India and Myanmar haven't been very positive ever since the military junta took over control of that country since India had never supported the junta's rule in Myanmar. But lately, the contours of relations are changing for the better because India needs Myanmar for access to ASEAN route, for development of NE and to curb insurgency in NE. But even despite many efforts, Myanmar is more inclined towards China, that is using Myanmar territory for its naval base as a part of its String Of Pearls strategy to encircle india in the Indian Ocean. This is a concern in Indo Myanmar relations.

(She looks much happier now....Passes the charge to 3rd member.

M3: So, you have been a student of IIT Roorkee. Can you tell me the history of IIT Roorkee?
ME:Yes Sir. IIT Roorkee initialy known as Thomason College of civil Engg.It was named after Lt Governor of Agra Province whose name was Thomason. It was created in 1847 after a famine in British times led to large revenue losses. The British decided to construct a canal from Haridwar to western UP to irrigate these lands. Therefore a need was felt for Civil engineers. And therefore under Lord Hardinge, this instn was created. After independence it was renamed University of Roorkee. In 2000, after Uttarakhand was separated from UP, it was named IIT Roorkee.

M3: Can you tell me what is this structure in Roorkee where there is a canal over river?
ME: Sir, it's called aqueduct.

M3: Tell me about Ganga Canal.
ME:I told him about the famine of 1837-38. The canal consists of an upper ganga canal from Har-Ki-Pauri in Haridwar to Aligarh and Lower Ganga Canal from Aligarh to Kanpur. Told them the distance of Canal and which governor general started its construction(now I can't recall)

M3:What is the river over which the canal is passing?
ME:Sir it's known as Solani. Similar to the aqueduct structure there are structures like superpassage wherein river flows over canal and a structure called siphon.

(He is looking visibly impressed..am glad all the research paid off)

M3: So you are an engg in Paper technology?
ME:Yes sir.

M3:Can we make paper out of weeds?
ME: Yes sir, if the weeds have vascular structure that will yield fibres.

M3: That would solve the problem of weeding then.(smiles to himself )
ME: I smile back.

M3:So where was paper first made.
ME:Sir, it was first made in Egypt from a plant called Papyrus, that's why the name paper.

M3:But people say it's China.
ME:Yes sir China later followed this practice and made it more sophisticated so that paper came in daily use.

M3: When was this?
ME: Sir it was around 2nd or 3rd century BC.

M3: Tell me something, who invented printing?
ME:(AAAAAAAAARRRGH) Sir I don't know. But I know that the person who invented the prniting press was Gutenberg.

M3:No, you tell me one thing. Why did it take printing to travel from China to Europe 400 years?
ME:(I am thinking...what?.. what is this question. The CM i slooking impatient as well) Sir,I am not aware of the reason.
(Thankfully the CM interrupts and said it's ok.)

M3:Tell me your hobby is teaching. Why does ragging take place ? there was a committee created for tackling ragging.
ME:I told him it was Raghavan committe. I told them the psychological and sociological reasons for ragging.

M3: Since your hobby is teaching,Tell me, what was the committe recently created for higher education reforms? (I am wondering why they are all fixated on my hobby only)
ME: Sir I am not very sure. But I think it was Yashpal committee.
(Everyone murmurs..yes yes)

M3: What were it's rcommendations?
ME: I told him about improving UGC affiliations, Deemed univ and so on.

CM interrupted- Enough. He gestured to the last member to start.
Somewhere I was getting apprehensive why the CM was getting impatient. Did he think I was no good and wanted to end the interview? But I found the answer in the end. You will also see that)

Courtesy : Shubhra-saxena.blogspot.com


Interview 2 : Mr. Gangadhar Patil

(in his own words, please find interview experience below)

my interview was on 8th.
i got tripathi madams board.i knew this will be her first time experience of interviewing for IAS before this she has take

for ifs.
i had no idea about this board but knew that its very cordial.

introduction...
optionals ; commerce and economics
qual ; b.com
hobbies ; cycling, body building, volleyball
preference ; IPS,IAS,IRS,IFS =0

begining.....

as soon as i entered madam and all panel member addressed me and permitted me to sit with a charming smile, i was really

happy to see the mood.

madam : what do ur freinds call u.
me:ganga and sometimes gangadhar also
madam:tell me ur roll no and date of birth
me:025507 and 9th march 1985
madam:why have u given ips as ur first option.
me:(i knew this question will be there, i answered straight away.)

1st member:u does not look like going for body building, todays body building is more about 6 packs and all is not it...

they laughed.(i also smiled)
me; i think body building is not only about muscel building its more about mental and physical fitness.

Q: do u go for jogging
me: sir i do cycling

Q: do u know there is one champ called ntini who runs for 10 km.how many hours u do cyclin
me:one hour on regular basis and also use it as means of transport, rather than bike of car.

Q:how will u use ur knowledge of commerce and economics in civil services?
me:i said sir, whatever knowledge i have gained is only by reading books within four walls so my exposure to practical life

is very far.with my understanding i can use commerce for dealing with funds and i also said about my plans of using

economics in policing and policing through economics...

Q:stop.. stop.. what is that idea of economics in policing.
me:i explained it

Q:are we following the system of accrual or cash management
me:i said accrual

Q:accraul!
me:no.. no.. cash management

Q:yes.. tel me what will be problem if we follow accrual system
me:i said, probably the problem of recognition and tracing.
Q:have u given a thought to it
me:yes,, but i could find only this reason

2 member

Q:tel me what is preamble of india;
me:i was fumbling democratic, socialis, secular and

Q:he interupted and said is not india that is bharat..
me:yes... but sir dont remember exactly

Q:what is the difference between bharat and india
me:bharat is orginated from our country and emotionally close to us.. i think this is the reson

Q:tel me the meaning of secular and socialist
me:i answered

Q:tel me which part of directive principle u like
me:i said about gandhian philosphy

Q:tel me about fundamental duties and name some of them
me:i mentioned about 4 of them and said cannot recall..

3 member

Q: what would u sugest for indias development, agriculture or induatrialisation
me:i said mix of it

Q:what do u feel about bringing common petroleum pricing
me:i answered in vague terms

4th member

Q:tel me is there any noble prize for economics
me:yes sir 1967

Q:who has won from india
me:amartya sen 1997

Q:tel me about amartya sen
me:i told about p index and his writing on bengal famine

Q:name any four economist from india
me:bhagwati, amartya sen, our prime minister, y v reddy and .....

Q:who is y v reddy..
me:rbi governor

Q:do u know samuleson
me:is he an economist

Q:i dont know u must tell me
me:i know only one samuleson who plays for west indies cricket team..

Q:everyone laughed...
me:i also joined

Q:tel me another economist name..
me:a...... ... cant recall

Q:do u know about means and ends chain, tell me about that and what was gandhijis view on that
me:i knew it very well and was able to answer calmly

Q:do u know brahmananda..
me:sir i dont know

Q:he is an economist from kanataka, u check it on google
me:i said certainly

madam

Q:tel me about capitalism
me: i answered it comfortably

Q:what do u mean about decentralisation
me:i answered it.

madam: ok thank u very much.

madam: ok thank u very much.

my response: the board was very co operative, the vibes given by them were worth appreciating.they kept smiling without

giving any stress.even when i was fumbling the gave me time to rethink.throught the interview madam was smiling and everyone

else was cordial.i wish everyone get such kind of environment where the candidate is able to communicate what he feels.

wish u all very best.

Courtesy: Gangadhar Patil and http://upscportal.com/civilservices/Interview/My-Civil-Services-Interview-Gangadhar-Patil

Interview 3: Mr. Smarak

(Interview experience in his own words)

2nd April 2008. I gave my first civil service interview just two days back...i say 'first' because I am quite optimistic that UPSC will again make the mistake that it made this year. I can't, in any case, say the last -because I am not one of those who give up that easy.

I

My interview was scheduled for the forenoon; i reached upsc well in time before 9 AM and had a chance to meet some other candidates I knew. We were let in sharp at 9. What I found surprising about the reception was that it was extremely cordial and student friendly. I had expected a long line in which I would have to stand before my certificates are checked, other formalities done etc. We were escorted into a huge circular hall in which some nine table-chair configurations had been made. We were total thirty five in number, divided into seven boards. Mine was the seventh board. We were seated into seven of the table-chair configurations as per our board.

Though the ambience was good, the atmosphere was tense. I got to meet other four of my board-mates and had a healthy chat. That partly reduced the tension. Part of the tension was reduced by the presence of a cool chick in the sixth board. Unlike the other girls, her dressing sense was cool (all girls had come in saris -something I think was dumb; a salwar could have been as suitable but more comfortable for the situation). She had, it seems, invested heavily on a beauty parlour and looked exceedingly gorgeous. Seriously, I rarely find girls look so yexy in sari.

I did, of course, decide not to hit on her... but what occurred to me was that she may get some 20-30 marks more than we guys just by her looks. Lucky her! Old men, though low on libido, appreciate beauty as much as we guys do. (You may find my views on this pretty irrational, but many others will agree)

Soon, the call for first candidates to appear before the boards came. It turned out that the chick-in-sari's board would be chaired by Miss. Parveen Tahla (he he he!). But my pleasure didn't last long. Board 7, that is mine, was to be chaired by D.P. Agarwal.

DP! DP? DPPPppp... The dreaded ganglord from IIT Delhi with supposedly cannibal instincts. That DP? His name brought back to my mind flashback of cruel times... of those days in laboratories of department of electrical engineering, IIT Kharagpur -instrumentation lab, high voltage lab, power engg lab et al -when I was subjected to third grade torture by a panel of ruthless professors. The memory of such sends a shock down my spine till date. In deed, these aren't memories but nightmares (ok a little exaggerated) that came back to my mind then. Is DP Agarwal like them? I could have consoled myself with the false reasoning that IIT Delhi is a better, more humane place than IIT Kgp. Unfortunately, deeds of DP have already reached far and wide. According to legends, he asks only factual questions, wants only objective answers, conducts stress interviews, can grill you on any point you have made, can ask you out of the room in the middle of an interview...and the list continues.


II


DP was unusually cool. Cool doesn't mean he was happy or cheerful etc. He was just neutral in expressions and didn't seem to be ready to pounce upon me. His room was smaller than I had expected it to be, due to which the other four members were sitting very close to me. DP was sitting right in front of me at the other end of the table. To my left was sitting a lady at very close distance. Henceforth, lets call her lady because she deserves the title. By her side and to DP's right was sitting (rather sleeping over the table) a gentleman who looked like PV Narasimha Rao but slept like HD Deve Gowda. Lets call him PV Deve Gowda. To my right was a smart, chill looking gentleman in his early fifties. He was smiling mysteriously, the way P. Chidambaram used to before presenting his budgets. Lets call him Chidumbaram. By his side and to DP's left was sitting a South Indian gentleman who spoke not so clearly (in fact the chairman had to translate his words and communicate to me more than once) but nevertheless a kind, pleasant guy. Lets call him Speaking Dravid.

I found DP's strategy of taking interview very maverick. He didn't seem to look at my biodata... nor did he ask any of the traditional questions.
"So your name is Smarak Swain. What does Swain mean?"
"It is an Oriya title sir"
"Its a very popular oriya title" the lady observed "What does Smarak mean?"
"Ma'am it means a memorial"
"But you know, your title is very similar to an english word...have you heard of something spelling S-W-I-N..." DP observed. Before he could complete, I said "S-W-I-N-E sir. It is a slang for pig"
"You know, this may create problems..." DP observed. I was looking at him right in the eyes and it was he who wasn't maintaining the eye contact. I was playing offensive.
"DP if u r really interested, then listen. There is a school of thought that believes that my name is an insult to pigs. Usually the good-for-nothing animal lovers have this view. Another school of thought pertains to the fact that I am not so bad as to be called a pig. There is still a third school of thought members of which call me just smarak" I did NOT say this. I simply looked attentively at him and he dropped the issue.

"So, when did you decide to come for the services?"
"In my final year sir"
"What are you doing?"
"Sir I worked in Tata Steel for a year. I left it last year and am preparing solely for civils"
"Why?"
"I didn't get much time for studies plus I wanted to come to Delhi"
"Why Delhi"
"I could get better interaction with other students, library facilities and coaching"
"What coaching did you join?"
"Ramaswamy for Sociology and Vajiram for current affairs"
(Actually I didn't get much time for doing the full course in Vajiram, so somehow managed to get into the current affairs that was meant only for ex-students)

"Since you want to do civils, you must be having an idea about the hierarchy of it. Brief me on any one department's hierarchy"
I hadn't prepared this. But I had read Kishan Rana's Inside Diplomacy and so had good idea of foreign ministry.
"Sir I can tell you about the hierarchy of foreign ministry" I said.
"Is that your first preference?"
"Yes sir"
"Ok. Go on"
I tell him about FSI, then first foreign posting as third secretary, learning new languages etc. He doesn't seem to be interested and passes on to the lady.
"Which language would you want to learn if given a choice" she asked
"Ma'am I would prefer Spanish"
"Why?"
"It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world"
"Do you know Spanish? Anything about it?"
"Ma'am, I just know senor and senorita...nothing much"
"DO you find it a beautiful language?"
"Is it a sweet language?"
"Have you read any Spanish novel? Or seen Spanish movies?"
(I have read Paulo Coelho -who hasn't? -but that doesn't strike me. I mumble something about the movie Spanglish...
"Any Spanish painter or musician you know?"
(I couldn't say Picasso bcoz I got no idea of what kind of painting he drew...in deed i didn't know if he was spanish)
"Ma'am, I want to learn Spanish bcoz of the flexibility in posting it will give me; bcoz of the exotic carnival I could participate in; bcoz of the Havana cigars I fantasize myself smoking after cheating on a latin girl. What do you mean by sweet language? Is there any bitter language also? It is just a way to communicate" I did NOT say this.

"Do you know which is Spain's capital?"
"Madrid ma'am"
"Is Spanish only followed in Latin America?"
I tell her about Portuguese in Brazil. I forget to mention that Hindustani is followed in Suriname and Guyana...that would have been a plus...
Then she asks me about SAARC. I tell her all that I knew about SAARC, though see didn't seem to find what she wanted. As she was a real lady, she wanted to give me a chance. She asked me what all countries India shares boundary with. I tell all the names, including Afghanistan theoretically.
"Does Afghanistan share a boundary with India?"
"It has a boundary with a part of Jammu and Kashmir under Pakistani occupation"
Here I was trying to direct the interview into Paki, kashmir issue. But the panelists were too damn smart. She asked me some other things before passing on to the chairman.

DP: What will be your responsibilities once you become an IFS officer?
"Sir, in the country that I am posted I will look into bilateral relations, better people-to-people contact, cultural diplomacy, see the market prospects for Indian industries in the said country, do research and analysis of economic and strategic relations..."
Before I could finish, DP asked "How will you do research and analysis?"
"Sir, I will collect data from various sources...like ASSOCHAM...they must be having such a body in their country, then there is the economic survey and statistical reports. In cases where data is not available, I will employ market analysts to get me the data"

Now guys, I didn't say as fluently as you may feel. The problem in the board room was that it was extremely difficult to form sentences. Secondly, I was surprised that no one was asking questions like: 'why do you want to do civils?', 'why civils after engg?', 'don't you think we will be losing a power engineer' stuff on which I had invested lots of my limited literary talentin past few days -stuff that I had mugged by heart and prepared in front of a mirror. What the pock is happening???

"Can you give any specific example of how you will increase trade between India and any south American country? Answer only if you know something concrete" DP says
"I ain't doing no course in international trade ..." I did NOT say this
"Sorry Sir, I don't know". This is what I said.

Then he passes on to Speaking Dravid. Speaking Dravid asks me many questions in one go.
"When was UN formed? In what conditions? What is its organization?" and some more questions I don't remember.
"Ach Cho0l, this is a personality test. Why are you asking me questions that I was very good at answering when I was in school?" I did NOT say this.

I explain him some stuff about UN but am unable to say anything about the UN Charter. He then asks me about the trusteeship council and its function. At times, DP had to interfere and repeat his questions because he wasn't clear. Then he asked me about criminology (sociological theories etc)...then about clemency. I tell him about President's power to pardon etc. Though my answer isn't structured, nor am I fluent, he doesn't mind.

Then I am passed on to Chidumbaram. He is a smart fellow and knows a lot.
Chidu: "Recently there has been a debate between social justice ministry and supreme court. SC says that if a father is non-Dalit and mother Dalit, son can't be. But Social Justice ministry says he can be. Considering yourself a member of social justice ministry, give your arguments"
The news had come just a day back. Even though I hadn't thought over it, I managed to say a few points about patriarchal families, about manusmriti etc.
He gets excited about Manusmriti and asks me about the type of marriages -anuloma, pratiloma etc -mentioned in there. I give satisfactory replies but he starts an argument on whether hypergamy is allowed between sub-castes within a caste or between castes. My stand point was that it is allowed only between sub-castes -if a Brahmin marries a Shudra, the child is a Chandal. He becomes insistent and I finally give up...
He then asks about matriarchal families etc...I give satisfactory answer.

PV Deve Gowda wasn't really in a mood to talk when DP encouraged him to do so. He looked at me with dreamy eyes as if accusing me of forcing him to ask questions.
"Let me ask some questions on some different topic" he said slowly "Do you know Vikram Sarabhai"
"Sir, he was a pioneer in space research in India" I say. I know nothing more about him. He keeps looking at me (or may be lost!) with out giving a response. Sensing that I may have to say something more, I say "he was a founding member of ISRO"
After an instant he asks me "Who was Homi Jehangir Bhabha?"
"He was a pioneer of atomic research in India"
"Damn you! Why ask me such dumb questions I can't answer in more than one lines?" I did NOT say that.
"Please name me some sources of power?"

Am I a kid? Or do I look like the dumbest graduate in electrical engineering? A Professor at Kharagpur had once asked me "What's the difference between choke and starter in tube light?" Everyone in the lab had laughed at him for this but as it turned out, he was smart. I couldn't tell him the difference. At that time he had called me the dumbest of electrical under-grads...anyways, this question was too simple for the son of one of the few power plant commissioning specialists in India. I started off and listed the various sources.

Then he asked me questions like "Which is the cheapest source of power?" "What is multipurpose project?" "Why is india power deficient if we have so much potential?" etc. I give quite satisfactory answers but nothing extra-ordinary. PV Deve Gowda falls back to his sleepy posture. Getting the cue, DP started off again.

"There are some people who believe Delhi Metro isn't the best option for Indian cities. What are your views?"
I start with some broken sentences and give some arbitrary answers. Not satisfied, he says "Now-a-days many IIT professors are complaining about Metro. One of them gives a new statement to the press daily. I guess being from IIT yourself, you must be aware of the technicality"
I knew nothing about it...so I pass on. The lady member tries to give some hints by talking about the metro loudly with Deve Gowda (who I am sure didn't care, even though I was maintaining eye contact with DP).
"How will you go from Cuttack to the western Ghats?" DP asks.
"Sir, I will take a train to Mumbai and hire a jeep from there"
DP looks perplexed at my answer.
"Can you name some places on western ghats"
Guys, its ok if you think me dumb...I just blacked out. Not even a single name came to my mind.
"Sorry sir. I am unable to recall"
"You don't have to. Just visualize the map of India"
"Visualize a pocking map while five pairs of hungry eyes ogle at me? How do you think that's possible DP?" I did NOT say this. I simply stayed quiet, trying to visualize the map of India which sometimes looked round, sometimes like a square etc.
"OK. Thank you. Your interview is over"

When I was about to heave a sigh of relief, Chidumbaram requested DP to let him ask me some questions. DP complied.
Chidu: India has a national emblem. Do you know?
I can't remember the word 'ashoka stambha'. So I say "there is a pillar in Sarnath constructed by King Ashoka. The structure atop that is our emblem"
Chidu: India also has a national animal. Do you know that?
I: Sir, royal bengal tiger
CHidu: Is it royal bengal tiger or only tiger?
I: "I am not sure sir" I say, smiling.
(I said this because my strategy was to remain on the safe side and not to say any answer wrong)
Chidu: India also has a national bird. DO you know?
I: Peacock sir

Then he lets me off the hook. The chairman thanks me etc. 35 minutes all in all

III

While leaving UPSC, my assessment was that if not very good, my interview was 'above average'. Then I came back to my room, had my lunch etc. After seeing a movie in my room, I went off to Siri Fort Auditorium for the last movie of Chinese FIlm festival. While on my way, all those silly questions I couldn't answer came back to my mind. I concluded that my interview went just 'average'. Average score, according to people, is 150 and that is what I should expect.

After seeing the chinese movie, I was coming back when something suddenly dawned on me. Why did Chidumbaram ask me those silly questions in the end? It could be only because he considered me silly. My appraisal of my performance fell down to 'below average'.

The next day i.e. yesterday, I had gone for my medical check. I got a chance to interact with others who had given the interview. Everyone agreed that 'average' for DP is 130. And I am 'below average'. So now you know why I have called this topic My First Civils Interview.

Courtesy: http://smarak.blogspot.com/ 
 
 

Preparing for Civils Interview: Read this Post (Post 2)

Interview 6: Mr Tiru (in his own words, find IAS interview experience below)

Chairman: You passed out from college in 2002, this is 2009, what were you doing after that.
- I recounted my experience from wipro, infosys and eaton after college and told that I am working currently in aerospace industry in the field of actuation and control systems as a senior engineer with a leading aerospace organization.
Chairman: What is your nature of work?
- I explained
Chairman: You have already crossed the age limit for civil services and I don't think you will grow to the highest level of civil services with the remaining number of years of service. Why then should you come into the services?
- I gave an elaborate explanation
Chairman: Ok, then tell me about the evolution of civil services in India.
- I somehow tackled it. But I was very poor with facts here
Chairman: You don't seem to know much about history. Do you atlest know something about Bhagat Singh?
Chairman: Tell me why Bhagat Singh was arrested? Where?
Chairman: What is the difference between UPSC and other commissions like Human rights commission, competition commission etc?
- I answered these questions but not to the satisfaction level of the chairman (I might have read him wrong....hope so)
Then chairman gave it over to other members
Member 1: Why did you take Pali as an optional?
Member 1: Can Pali be used to understand Indus valley civilization? How does it help?
Member 1: Do you blog? (my hobby). What do you blog?
Member 1: What is 2x, 3x, 5x in pyschology? (I didn't know this)
Member 2: Do you read MS Swaminathan's articles? What does he say about the level of food consumption coming down an all that. By what value it has come down in last decade as per his view?(I didn't know).
Member 2: What is the population density of India?
Member 2: How would you compare the density of India with China? Which is higher and by how much?
Member 2: What do you know about Biofuels? Do you think it will solve the fuel problem in India? What is your opinion on it?
Member2: Did Buddha believe in God? Did Buddha think that God is required to attain Nirvana?
Member 3: If Pali is interesting as you said, then so is maths? Why didn't you then take mathematics?
Member 3: When did the Fort williams college operate in India? For how long?
Member 3: How do you ensure that the facts that you read are authentic? (he asked me this as one of my answers was wrong and upon asking where did i read it, I told him that i don't remember but it must be in one of the books)
Member 3: If a student is doing a project in which he has to refer internet, what suggestion would you give in order to ensure that he uses only authentic material?
Member 4: What is G20? Is India a member or an invitee? Why are they meeting this week and where?
Chairman: Your interview is over now. You can leave.
I got up and wishes all the board members a nice day. Only one board member replied by saying that you too have a nice day.

Courtesy: http://jiasaraidays.blogspot.com/?expref=next-blog



Interview 7 : Mr Raju

Raju: May I come in Sir?
Chairman: Yes, please.
Raju: Good morning, Sir. Good morning, Madam. Good morning, Sirs.
Chairman: You are Mr...
Raju: (Still in standing position), Matyalaraju Revu Sir.
(Chairman is writing something. Other members are keenly watching the candidate.)
Member 2: Please take your seat.
Raju: Thank you, sir.
Chairman: Mr. Revu, You did B.Tech from REC Warangal, ME from IISc, Bangalore. But why did you do diploma?
Raju: Sir, After completion of my 10th class, based on my financial background, my father joined me in polytechnic. After completion of polytechnic, we do get jobs. Also, since I will get scholarship, the amount of money spent on me is less.
Chairman: That means you will get job after diploma.
Raju: Yes Sir, I got a private job. Company is Cain energy limited.
Chairman: Then, why did you join B.Tech?
Raju: Sir, After completion of my diploma, I wrote ECET and I got state 1st rank. So I convinced my father that I will join REC which is a premier Engineering institute in our state.
Chairman: Then, you joined ME because your father insisted on that?
Raju: No Sir, It is based on my project guide ճ suggestion.

Sir, infact there are two streams to enter into B.Tech. One through EAMCET after Intermediate and other is through ECET. After ECET...

Chairman: What question I have asked?
Raju: Sorry Sir, you have asked me why I joined ME after B.Tech.
Chairman: OK. Then stick on to the question.
Raju: Sir, I am explaining it.
Chairman: Be specific.
Raju: OK sir, during my final year I got all India rank 3 in Gate. My guide on knowing this result suggested me to join IISc. He further told that this is the golden opportunity for me. ԉf you miss it you will not get it again! ՠ he told sir. Then, I informed about my career option as civil services. He then convinced me by saying that I can write civil services after M.E. also.

Chairman: That means you are preparing for civil services while you are in IISc?
Raju: I beg to differ with you sir. I started my preparation only after completion of M.E.
Chairman: You have written that you joined Railways in September 2004. That is of which exam?
Raju: Sir, This is based on IES-2003.
Chairman: That means you are in IISc.
Raju: Sir, I completed my second semester at that time.
Chairman: That means you have prepared for IES in IISc.
Raju: Sir, I have given IES in my own background i.e., Electrical Engineering. Hence I need not prepare much for this exam. I just gave the exam.
Chairman: For how many years you are in Railways?
Raju: Sir, I joined Railways on September 2004. Then I took leave for 1 year, i.e., leave on loss of pay.
Chairman: What did you do in that year?
Raju: Sir, I have prepared for this exam.
Chairman: How many months you are in Railways?
Raju: Sir, roughly 5 months.
Chairman: That means you are in Railways till February.
Raju: Sir, I am in Railways till the result of civil services exam 2005 was out. I was given leave for interview preparation in March.
Chairman: Then what did you do after the declaration of the result?
Raju: Sir, Once the result of out, I came to know that I will get IPS. So, I convinced my director for leave to appear civil services again. My director gave me leave.
Chairman: When did you join IPS?
Raju: Sir, I joined IPS on December 18, 2006.
Chairman: Which part of training you missed?
Raju: Sir, I missed foundation training in Mussorie. At SVPNPA, training started on December 18, 2006. So, I haven մ missed any training at Hyderabad.
Chairman: How many days you have taken leave for interview?
Raju: Sir, 4 days.

Member 2: How was your IPS training?
Raju: Sir, training is good and we are enjoying every aspect of training.
member 2: What are you learning in training?
Raju: Sir, our training is divided into two parts. Indoor and outdoor. In indoor, we have subjects like police in modern India, criminology and law subjects like IE Act, CrPC, IPC and other subjects.
Member 2: You are in IPS for 4 months. So I can ask some questions.
Raju: Yes, sir.
Member 2: Do you aware that the confession admitted to police is not allowed as witness. Why?
Raju: Yes sir. Confession admitted to police is not allowed as witness. Since there is always a possibility of getting the confession in the way the police like, law doesn մ allow it.
Member 2: What is Res gestae?
Raju: Sir, All the circumstances leading to the same transaction are allowable as evidence.
Member 2: You are on the line. Could you explain more?
Raju: (after 2-3 seconds), If some people wanted to commit dacoity and in the process if they theft a vehicle, eventhough theft of vehicle is not connected with dacoity but it is admissible as it forms the circumstance leading to dacoity.
Member 2: Could you tell me the section which deals with Res gestae?
Raju: Sorry sir, I could not remember the exact section.
Member 2: Then how sections you were taught in IE Act?
Raju: Sir, In our academy our sirs are not teaching according to sections. They are teaching the sections which are more useful for the police at first.
Member 2: Do you aware of RTI?
Raju: Yes. Sir. It is Right to Information Act.
Member 2: What are the provisions in RTI?
Raju: Sir, According to provisions of RTI, every government department has to nominate one officer as information commissioner to give information about duties, responsibilities and functions of various officers working in those departments...
Member 2: Then what is the benefit to common man?
Raju: Sir, Common man can know the functions, duties & responsibilities of various officers. They can know the status of their applications. This also increases transparency and accountability of officers. Hence reduces corruption.
Member 2: How can you say that people will get required information?
Raju: Sir, There is a provision in RTI that any one who refuses to give information or delays 30 days for giving information, they are liable for cut in salary.
Member 2: How much salary cut?
Raju: Sir, I think it is 250 Rs./ day.
Member 2: It is not cut from salary. It is separately cut.
Raju: Thank you Sir.
Member 2: Can you tell me what is the maximum limit?
Raju: Sorry sir, I don մ know.

Chairman: Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology. Don մ you think that all are inward looking?
Raju: Sir, Whenever possible I play cricket in addition my hobbies, which is a team game.

Member 2: Tell me which countries will reach final in the present world cup?
Raju: Sir, I think Australia and Srilanka.
Member 2: Already two countries reached semifinals i.e., Sri Lanka & Newzealand. What do you think about other two?
Raju: Sir, I beg to differ with you. Actually three countries i.e., Srilanka, New Zealand and Australia reached semifinals. 4th team depends on the outcome of the today ճ match between England & South Africa.
Member 2: Do you know about fly ash?
Raju: Sir, Thermal power stations produce fly ash while generating electrical power.
Member 2: Which state is using it more? Definitely it is not Haryana, My own state.
Raju: Sorry Sir, I don մ know.

Member 3 : (X-A) (X-B) has highest X power of 2. Do you agree?
Raju: Yes, Sir.
Member 3: (X-A) (X-B) (X-C) has highest X power...
Raju: 3, Sir.
Member 3: Then, tell me. What is the answer for (X-A) (X-B).... (X-Z).
Raju: (after 3-4 seconds), It must be Zero. Sir, because of the presence of the term (X-X).
Member 3: Whom do you think a greatest mathematician of all times?
Raju: Sir, Srinivasa Ramanujan, because even though he lived for only 33 years, he contributed more to mathematics in the areas like Numerical methods, Solution of algebraic equations, number theory like prime numbers etc.

Member 3: Can you tell me the formula for prime numbers?
Raju: Sir, exactly I don մ know but recently IIT, Kanpur professor along with his students wrote a software program which gives whether a number is prime or not within less time.
Member 3: You are an electrical engineer. Tell me where prime numbers are used?
Raju: Sir, they are used in coding.
Member 3: I am asking a question in your engineering only. Tell me how prime numbers are used in coding?
Raju: Sir, exactly I don մ know. But to the best of my knowledge, if the code length is prime, decoding and encoding are easy.
Member 3: You are on the line, but not exact answer.
Member 1: Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology. What you do in motivation?
Raju: Madam, many of classmates and Juniors came to me for clearing their doubts in subjects as I am the toper of my class. I usually listen to their problems regarding their understanding of concepts as many have problems either in one or many subjects. I tell them that every subject is easy if knew the concepts clear and we should like the subject what we are studying...
Madam: Do your response same for all?
Raju: Madam, I usually spend more time with those who are very much lagging. I take classes to clear their doubts.
Madam: Then do you call it motivation or strategic learning?
Raju: Madam, strategic learning may be the correct term.
Madam: What is the difference between these two?
Raju: Madam, motivation is a general term which includes not only academic motivation but also others like psychological, etc., Madam, I don մ know exactly the meaning of strategic learning.

Madam: Which books you read in Indian Mythology?
Raju: Madam, I read Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Madam: Since your hobbies are motivating others and Indian Mythology, tell me how Krishna motivated Arjuna?
Raju: Madam, When Arjuna refused to fight with friends, teachers, Krishna told him that it is the duty of the king to protect Dharma and fight wars for protecting it. We should not move away from our duty. Since soul is immortal and of which is born, death is certain, of which death happened, birth is certain. Hence you should not think that you are committing crime. Also he motivated him by saying that we should do our work only. We should not think about the results of our actions. Otherwise, attachment to the results will occur which is a major reason for unhappiness.

Madam: Do you practise it?
Raju: Madam, It is very difficult to practise.

Madam: Why?
Raju: Madam, for example, if we are about to play a cricket match, we will think about the winning of the match which is actually the result of the playing that match.

Madam: One last question. What kind of training our team got during our last year world cup?
Raju: Madam, exactly I am not able to recollect it. But it is like ҷe can do it this time Ӽ /span>
Madam: Sorry, It is not last year world cup but it is 2003 world cup. The team was given psychological training.
Raju: Yes, Madam
Member 4: You studied your B.Tech. from REC Warangal and M.E. from IISc Bangalore. Do you proud of your institutions like IISc?
Raju: Sir, I am proud that I have studied in a great institution like IISc, which according UNESCO survey conducted in 1997 was in 18th place among world universities. Recently a Chinese university conducted a survey in which IISc was placed at around 250th position.
Member 4: Do you think that 250th position is a good position?
Raju: Sir, even though it is not a good position, the position depended on the parameters they have taken into consideration like no. of nobel laureates present, no. of research papers presented, etc.
Member 4: Who are nobel laureate present in IISc?
Raju: Sir, now there is no nobel laureate in IISc. Earlier Sir C.V.Raman worked in IISc. Now, there are two internationally reputed professors working there.
Member 4: Last year government proposed to stop B.Tech entry into IITs. Do you support that?
Raju: Sir, I support it. Sir, due to hectic schedule, the professors of IITs are not able to concentrate much on research. Once the B.Tech entry is stopped, they will get more time for research and quality of research will increase.
Member 4: Don մ you think the quality of B.Tech students will reduce as IITs are known for better professors?
Raju: Sir, those students who are earlier eligible for entry into IITs, they will join NITs. Since they are the core students I don մ think the quality will reduce. But the professors in other institutes should get sufficient training to reach the level of IIT professors.
Member 4: You agree to that proposal. But the government has withdrawn the proposal due to very good argument against it. Can you tell me?
Raju: Sorry sir, I don մ know.
Member 4: What do you think is responsible for reduction in research?
Raju: Sir, IISc is not able to retain those students who completed M.E. and other courses there. One reason is brain drain, Sir. Second one is that research is not attractive in India, Sir. For example, in our batch out of 230 students who completed M.E. only 2 joined for Ph.D. in IISc. At the end of our M.E. we got campus placements. The minimum salary is around 6 lakhs/ annum. It is attracting most of us. Those who are really interested in research, they are going abroad as they will get more money and research is attractive there. Here, a Ph.D. student gets 12,000 - 15,000 Rs per month. Also material considerations have risen these days, sir. We have to include some compulsory courses in morale & ethics to stop this.
Member 4: Instead of choosing job or research, why did you choose services as career option?
Raju: Sir, The incident that took place in my village in November 2000, when I am in 3rd year of B.Tech, has changed my career options. Nearby Engineering college students came to our village for picnic as our village has excellent beach. 7 of them drowned in the Bay of Bengal and all of them has taken sand into their lungs in addition to water. Since our village is an island, there are no transportation, medical & meagre educational facilities, it took 2 hours to reach nearest town which is 16 Km away from my village. By that time, 6 out 7 were died, Sir.

Chairman: You are telling about an incident in your village. In that case who will respond first?
Raju: (3-4 seconds silence)
Chairman: Whether it is Block development officer, Doctor, or Police.
Raju: Sir, It is the police to respond first.
Chairman: Then, you are in IPS. Why did you come?
Raju: Sir, even for police it took 2 hours to reach that place as there is not enough transportation facilities.
Chairman: Thank you.
Raju: Thank you, Sir. Thank you, Madam. Thank you, Sirs.

Courtesy: http://ramyasindhu.sulekha.com/blog/post/2007/05/interview-given-by-ias-2007-1st-ranker-muthyala-raju-word.htm



INterview 8 : Mr ANurag

These are the details of my interview here held on 4rth April 2007. I have tried to present the interview as it happened.

I was allotted a table along with four other candidates. It was a great solace to meet four other souls in same state of mind and butterflies in their stomach. We chatted and felt good. One hour passed quickly and I did not at all feel nervous.

A clerk came quietly to our table and said “Subir Dutta ka board hai”. Not all were amused by his name. Within minutes we found out he was a retired IAS, former defense secretary, and was ‘not very friendly’.

I was third to be interviewed. My heart was beating fast. I went near my chair and wished them Good Morning, wishing the lady member first. (It was a five member board with one lady member, let them be M1, M2, M3 and M4)

Subir Dutta: Sit down Mr. Anurag
Anurag: Thank you sir (Adapts an imposed smile on his face and gives a smile to all the members. They all have stern expressions)

Subir Dutta: So Mr. Anurag you have done B. Tec in Mechanical Engg. from ……. (I take it as a cue for prompting)
Anurag : IIT Kanpur Sir

Subir Dutta: You got this Outstanding B. Tech project award, what was it.
Anurag : Explains it in brief and turns his head (somewhat like a table fan) to meet the eyes of all members

Subir Dutta: You have worked for six months in Asian Paints, why did you leave
Anurag: Sir I always wanted to come for civil services but I wanted to get some work experience before coming here.

Subir Dutta: (looks interested) Why do you want to come to civil services?
Anurag: Sir I learnt a lot in my engineering but I felt that my field is getting narrowed. I wanted to work not only among machines but also among human beings. Civil services offer an opportunity to work directly among people. Apart from this, it is a wonderful career opportunity with a motivation of working for the society.

Subir Dutta: And you also got this summer training scholarship form University of Stuttgart?
Anurag : Yes sir.

Subir Dutta: When was it and for how long?
Anurag: I explain…

M2: So how did you go?
Anurag: Sir it was by Turkish airlines. I went to Istanbul and then to Stuttgart.

M2: Oh, so you did not take the traditional route from Frankfurt. This route must be cheaper.
Anurag: Yes sir, this was the reason (a smile comes on my face)

M2: OK, what is the distance between Stuttgart and Frankfurt?
Anurag: I think 200 km.

M2: Stuttgart and Berlin?
Anurag: nearly 400 km

M2: Stuttgart and Bonn?
Anurag: nearly 400 km

M2: Stuttgart and Hungary?
Anurag: nearly 400 km.

Subir Dutta: Mr. Anurag what are your 16th and 17th preference of services?
Anurag: Sir they are IFS and IPS. I gave them this preference because I do not want to enter these.

Subir Dutta: Why?
Anurag: Sir I have some family commitments and it shall be difficult for me to stay abroad for longer durations.
I did not fill IPS because I felt I do not have the right kind of temperament needed to be an IPS officer. I tried to know more about this service but I was not convinced. I felt if I still filled it, I shall be dishonest with myself and the service (this was a well rehearsed answer)

Subir Dutta: What is the total Income tax collected?
Anurag: Sorry sir, I don’t know

Subir Dutta: (with a small sarcastic smile) I felt you did so much research while filling the service preferences, you would be knowing it.
Anurag : (tries to maintain a smile on his face)

Subir Dutta gestures other members to ask their questions

M2: Mr. Anurag, IIT’s were made to do some good research but that task has not been achieved what do you say?
Anurag: Yes sir, this may partially be true. IIT’s were made primary for research but over the years it has been felt that the outcome is not as expected. The number of undergraduates is twice that that of postgraduates, and IIT’s could not attract students primarily for research purpose

M2: Do you think there is Brain Drain?
Anurag: May be 20 years before there was, but not now.

M2: Define Brain Drain
Anurag: I define it

M2: But we are using technologies invented in west. So where is this brain drain?
Anurag: Yes sir that’s a valid point of view and we may also see things like this


Subir Dutta: Mr. Anurag, I forgot to ask you one question. Some persons come to me with a BE degree some come with a B. Tech degree. What is the difference?
Anurag: I explain (I had expected this so I gave the answer I found on internet)

Subir Dutta: (not very satisfied by my answer) What is the difference between engineering and technology?
Anurag: Sorry sir, I do not know the literal difference.

M3: Mr. Anurag, what is the temperament needed to be an IPS officer.
Anurag: It shall be very difficult to define the temperament sir; it was more of a feeling. I tried to know more about the service but I was not convinced.

M3: So what did you try to know?
Anurag: I read about IPS officers who had made name. I found that they all wanted to be in police from the beginning. Reverse was the case with me.

M3: And?
Anurag: I have also done NCC for one year

M3: and you did not like it?
Anurag: No sir, I liked and it was a very good experience. But something similar to this as a career preference. I feel my priorities lie somewhere else.

M3: Mr. Anurag, we have these revenue services. But research has shown that 90% taxes are collected in pre assessment stage itself. These services help only in collecting 10% taxes. Why we should not abolish these services?
Anurag: (I have no idea what to say) Sir but these services must be providing talented human resources which must be used for that pre assessment collection.

M3: In a way repeats his question
Anurag: Sir I was unaware of this fact…..

M3: Yes it is a fact; government of India’s white paper has said this.
Anurag: (I smile) May be sir even this 10% that these services collect is very important for the nation.

M3: (he also starts smiling) Ok

M4: Recently online degrees have been started by IIT’s. What is your opinion about them?
Anurag: I support this by saying now the reach of education can be improved.

M4: Do you know any other western university doing this
Anurag: No sir, I specifically do not know, but many must be doing it.

M4: MIT is doing it. Where is MIT?
Anurag: Boston

M4: Yes Boston, Massachusetts.

M2: Anurag, you have seen education system in Germany and India. What difference did you observe?
Anurag: Sir education is free there, and government is trying to attract students from all over the world as their population is declining.

M2: What else?
Anurag: I can’t remember anything else sir.

M2: They focus more on technical education.
Anurag: Yes sir

M1: What do you know about “Specific Energy policy of India”
Anurag: (I had never heard about it) Madam I do not know exactly what this is but I can tell about it.

M1: (she nods)
Anurag: I tell all major things about energy, from power sector reforms to diversification to non conventional energy sources.

M1: Do you think Jatropa farming is successful
Anurag: Yes maam (I explain with certain problems involved)

M2: What is virtual university?
Anurag: (I could have easily guessed it but….) Sir may I guess??

M2: No, tell only if you know for sure.
Anurag: Sorry sir I do not know.

M3: Mr. Anurag the services you want to enter are the most corrupt services. What will you do to curb corruption?
Anurag: I explain by specially mentioning to use technology.

M3: (with a smile) Use technology and problem would be solved?
Anurag: Not sir (with a smile) but use technology more often, it will help.


Subir Dutta: Ok Anurag, you can go now.


I thanked everyone, but I do not remember them smiling back at me. They all looked busy in themselves and I came out. All this happened in just 25 minutes!

I had this strange feeling, I did not think it went very good, I did not think it went bad. I was confident; I was smiling, so I am satisfied by my performance.

I do not exactly till date what went wrong. After all the speculations the verdict is known to me. It was not a very good interview and I scored a meagre 150. But there is a silver lining too. I scored 1139 in mains so could still manage 27th rank :)

Courtesy: http://anuragsbuzz.blogspot.com/2007/04/my-upsc-interview-results-are-not-yet.html


Interview 9 : Mr. Abhijeet Agrawal

K.K Paul: What is your Roll No.?

K.K Paul: What is your date of Birth?

K.K Paul: What is Buckminster?

--- Is it a molecule or allotrope of carbon?

K.K Paul: What is Fullerene?

What are its uses?

K.K Paul: What are conducting Polymers ?

---- I replied Sorry Sir I don't know then He said “You must be knowing
this as you are a material science Engineer"

K.K Paul: What you have been doing since two and half year after your graduation

(Well ,the same question was also asked from my engineering friends who

were in the same board on that session )

K.K Paul: How did you developed cooking as your Hobby


Passed on to Member1 (Lady Member)


Member1: What do you understand by the term “Gender Disparity"

Member1: What is the level of Male and Female literacy rate of Jharkhand?

Member1: What do you understand by “Adverse Sex Ratio"

Member1: Is female infanticide a Crime?

Member1: are there any law regarding Female infanticide and female feticide

Member1: What do you mean by communally sensitive areas and as a DM how will

you handle such areas

Member1: What you generally cook...What is your favourite dish...

Member1: As the mess secretary whose interest you will protect: the person who are

making food or the person who are eating the food..( I said that I will try

to protect the interest of both of Them)

Member1: and if there is a clash of interest then?

------

Member2: Right from district to State to the centre, how will you remove corruption from the system and what steps have already been taken.

Member2: Which agency tackles with the charges of corruption?

Member2: What are the constitutional provisions for S.T.s and S.C.s

Member2: Is there any right to prevent the atrocities of S.T.s and S.C.s

Member2: Do you know about Administrative reforms Commission?

Member2: Have you gone through any of the report of Second ARC

( I said “ No Sir�)

Member2: What do you know about Sachhar Committee?

-----------

Member3: Who chairs Rajya Sabha?

Member3: How the Vice President is Elected?

Member3: What is our national bird

Member3: Who wrote “My Experiments with Truth�

Member3: Who wrote� Good Earth�

Member3: Can I ask you something from Chemistry ( I said with confidence “ yes Sir�)

Then he asked me “What is Avogadro’s principle�

I said “sir can I make a guess� he said No.

Member3: What are the constitutional rights of arrested persons

Member3: Do you know about Sri Krishna Commission.

Member3: What are the laws to protect the Environment?

Member3: What are the functions of U.G.C?
----------

Member4: It is said that India is a good and vibrant democracy so you tell me that apart

from India which other democracies in the world are good and vibrant?

Member4: What is the Difference between Indian Democracy and U.S. Democracy

Member4: Which one would be more suitable for India (Parliamentary form or

Presidential form of government)

Member4: Do you know Obama and Mccain

Member4: Who is Hillary Clinton?

Chairman said� Ok your interview is over�

Courtesy: http://abhijeetagrawal.blogspot.com 
 
 
 

History

History
Paper I
Section A
  • Sources and approaches to study of early Indian history.
  • Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The archaeological evidence.
  • The Indus Civilization: its origins, nature and decline.
  • Patterns of settlement, economy, social organization and religion in India (c. 2000 to 500 B.C.): archaeological perspectives.
  • Evolution of north Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic texts (Samhitas to Sutras).
  • Teachings of Mahavira and Buddha. Contemporary society. Early phase of state formation and urbanization.
  • Rise of Magadha; the Mauryan empire. Ashoka's inscriptions; his dhamma. Nature of the Mauryan state.
  • Post-Mauryan period in northern and peninsular India: Political and administrative history,. Society, economy, culture and religion. Tamilaham and its society: the Sangam texts.
  • India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period (to c. 750) : Political history of northern and peninsular India; Samanta system and changes in political structure; economy; social structure; culture; religion.
  • Themes in early Indian cultural history: languages and texts; major stages in the evolution of art and architecture; major philosophical thinkers and schools; ideas in science and mathematics.
Section-B
  • India, 750-1200: Polity, society and economy. Major dynasties and political structures in North India. Agrarian structures. " Indian feudalism". Rise of Rajputs. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. Village communities in the South. Conditions of women. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds; towns. Problem of coinage. Arab conquest of Sindh; the Ghaznavide empire.
  • India, 750-1200: Culture, Literature, Kalhana, historian. Styles of temple architecture; sculpture. Religious thought and institutions: Sankaracharya's vedanta. Ramanuja. Growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India. Sufism. Indian science. Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization.
  • The 13th Century: The Ghorian invasions. Factors behind Ghorian success. Economic, social and cultural consequences. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate. The "slave" Dynasty. IItutmish; Balban. "The Khalji Revolution". Early Sultanate architecture.
  • The 14th Century: Alauddin Khalji's conquests, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tughluq's major "projects". Firuz Tughluq's concessions and public works. Decline of the Sultante. Foreign contacts: Ibn Battuta.
  • Economy society and culture in the 13th and 14th centuries: Caste and slavery under sultanate. Technological changes. Sultanate architecture. [persian literature: Amir Khusrau, Historiography; Ziya Barani. Evolution of a composite culture. Sufism in North India. Lingayats. Bhakti schools in the south.
  • The 15th and early16th Century (Political History): Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids. The Vijayanagra Empire. Lodis. Mughal Empire, First phase : Babur, Humayun. The Sur Empire : Sher Shah's administration. The Portuguese colonial enterprise.
  • The 15th and early 16th Century (society, economy and culture): Regional cultures and literatures. provincial architectural styles. Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.
  • Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nank. Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya. Sufism in its pantheistic phase.
  • Akbar: His conquests and consolidation of empire. Establishment of jagir and mansab systems. His Rajput policy. Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy. Abul Fazl, thinker and historian. Court patronage of art and technology.
  • Mughal empire in the 17th Century: Major policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. The Empire and the Zamindars. Nature of the Mughal state. Late 17th Century crisis: Revolts. The Ahom kingdom, Shivaji and the early maratha kingdom.
  • Economy and society, 16th and 17th Centuries: Population. Agricultural and craft production. Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies- a "trade revolution". Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems. Conditions of peasants, famines. Condition of Women.
  • Culture during Mughal Empire: Persian literature (including historical works). Hindi and religious literatures. Mughal architecture. Mughal painting. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Classical music. Science and technology. Sawai Jai Singh, astronomer. Mystic eclecticism : Dara Shukoh. Vaishnav Bhakti. Mahrasthra Dharma. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa).
  • First half of 18th Century: Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. The regional principalities (Nizam's Deccan, Bengal, Awadh). Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Emergency of Afghan Power. Panipat, 1761. Internal weakness, political cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.
Paper II
Section A

  • Establishment of British rule in India: Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore, Maratha Con federacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance; Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Colonial Economy: Tribute system. Drain of wealth and "deindustrialisation", Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements); Structure of the British raj up to 1857 (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation).
  • Resistance to colonial rule: Early uprisings; Causes, nature and impact of the Revolt of 1857; Reorganisation of the Raj, 1858 and after.
  • Socio-cultural impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-57); Orientalist-Anglicist controversy; coming of English education and the press; Christian missionary activities; Bengal Renaissance; Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas; Women as focus of social reform.
  • Economy 1858-1914: Railways; Commercialisation of Indian agriculture; Growth of landless labourers and rural indebtedness; Famines; India as market for British industry; Customs removal, exchange and countervailing excise; Limited growth of modern industry.
  • Early Indian Nationalism: Social background; Formation of national associations; Peasant and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era; Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Moderate phase of the Congress; Growth of Extremism; The Indian Council Act of 1909; Home Rule Movement; The Government of India Act of 1919.
  • Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection; Agricultural distress; the Great Depression; Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection; the growth of trade unions; The Kisan Movement; The economic programme of the Congress' Karachi resolution, 1931.
  • Nationalism under Gandhi's leadership: Gandhi's career, thought and methods of mass mobilisation; Rowlatt Satyagraha, Khilafat- Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India Movement; State People's Movement.
  • Other strands of the National Movement:
    • Revolutionary movements since 1905
    • Constitutional politics; Swarajists, Liberals, Responsive Cooperation
    • Ideas of Jawharlal Nehru
    • The Left (Socialists and Communists)
    • Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army
    • Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha
    • Women in the National Movement.
  • Literary and cultural improvements: Tagore, Premchand, Subramanyam Bharati, Iqbal as examples only; New trends in art; Film industry; Writers' Organisations and Theatre Associations.
  • Towards Freedom: The Act of 1935; Congress Ministries, 1937-1939; The Pakistan Movement; Post-1945 upsurge (RIN Mutiny, Telangana uprising etc.,); Constitutional negotiations and the Transfer of Power, 15 August 1947.
  • First phase of Independence (1947-64): Facing the consequences of Partition; Gandhiji's murder; economic dislocation; Integration of States; The democratic constitution, 1950; Agrarian reforms; Building an industrial welfare state; Planning and industrialisation; Foreign policy of Non-alignment; Relations with neighbours.
Section B
  • Enlightenment and Modern ideas
    • Renaissance Background
    • Major Ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau
    • Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe
    • Rise of socialist ideas (to Marx)
  • Origins of Modern Politics
    • European States System
    • American Revolution and the Constitution
    • French revolution and after math, 1789-1815
    • British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, chartists
  • Industrialization
    • English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society
    • Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan
    • Socialist Industrialization: Soviet and Chinese
  • Nation-State System
    • Rise of Nationalism in 19th century
    • Nationalism : state-building in Germany and Italy
    • Disintegration of Empires through the emergence of nationalities
  • Imperialism and Colonialism
    • Colonial System (Exploitation of New World, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Tribute from Asian Conquests)
    • Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Latin America, South Africa, Indonesia, Australia
    • Imperialism and Free Trade: The New Imperialism
    • Revolution and Counter-Revolution
    • 19th Century European revolutions
    • The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921
    • Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany
    • The Chinese Revolution of 1949
  • World Wars
    • 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications
    • World War I: Causes and Consequences
    • World War II: Political Consequence
  • Cold War
    • Emergence of Two Blocs
    • Integration of West Europe and US Strategy; Communist East Europe
    • Emergence of Third World and Non-Alignment
    • UN and Dispute Resolution
  • Colonial Liberation
    • Latin America-Bolivar
    • Arab World-Egypt
    • Africa-Apartheid to Democracy
    • South-East Asia-Vietnam
  • Decolonization and Underdevelopment
    • Decolonization: Break up of colonial Empires: British, French, Dutch
    • Factors constraining Development : Latin America, Africa
  • Unification of Europe
    • Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community
    • Consolidation and Expansion of European Community/European Union.
  • Soviet Disintegration and the Unipolar World
    • Factors in the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991
    • Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992
    • End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World
    • Globalization